In today’s competitive academic environment, being a student can be stressful. But managing the many responsibilities of school while struggling with a mental health issue can be even more challenging. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, an estimated 1 in 6 people in the United States are diagnosed with some form of mental illness. Yet the stigma attached to mental illness prevents many from seeking the appropriate treatment, raising the need for increased awareness about mental health resources for students.
Common Mental Health Issues and Resources for Students
The following are several common mental health issues that students face along with some helpful resources.
An estimated 300 million people are affected by depression globally. The condition is commonly characterized by sadness, a loss of interest and enjoyment in everyday activities, feelings of low self-worth, and poor concentration, among other symptoms. Depression is often recurrent or chronic and can manifest through physical stress on the body in various ways.
While there are many types and manifestations of anxiety, the most commonly diagnosed condition is generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). People with GAD experience excessive worry and stress on more days than not for a period of at least six months. The anxiety can occur in relation to a variety of activities or events, and even simply in anticipation of situations. Common symptoms are physical discomfort, fatigue, difficulty concentrating, irritability, and trouble sleeping.
Students with panic disorder are most commonly affected by periodic apprehension or panic attacks, which can present in a variety of ways in the body. The disorder affects about 6 million adults, or 2.7 percent of the U.S. population, and is twice as likely to affect women than men. Panic disorder can cause students to avoid social situations, as well as other varying situations, for fear of having attacks.
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
OCD can manifest in obsessions or compulsions. Obsessions are unwanted thoughts that dominate the mind; they often originate in the mind and are not caused by an external situation. A compulsion is the inability to resist doing something. OCD affects 2.2 million adults, or 1 percent of the U.S. population, and typically begins at a young age.
Post-traumatic Stress Disorder
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) affects about 3.5 percent of the U.S. population. People exposed to various situations are at risk for PTSD, including survivors of childhood sexual and emotional abuse; survivors of war, violence, and torture; and survivors of accidents and disasters. It can commonly affect people who have experienced life-threatening illnesses and traumatic childbirth, as well as members of the military and first responders.
Social Anxiety Disorder
Social anxiety disorder (SAD) causes significant fear in social situations, which often results in distress and the inability to function. SAD is often associated with a fear of being embarrassed or judged by peers and various insecurities. Typically, SAD begins during adolescence and often goes untreated because it isn’t as widely recognized as a disorder as other common psychological disabilities.
A phobia is defined as an extreme and persistent fear of a specific object or situation that is out of proportion to the actual danger or threat. Phobias affect nearly 10 percent of the U.S. population, and typically, symptoms begin during childhood. Phobias can be related to a variety of real and theoretical situations but are usually grouped into a number of subtypes, including animal, natural environment, and situational.
People affected by bipolar disorder experience periods of mania and depression. When manic, they may feel anxious, possibly more capable of achieving realistic or unrealistic things, or a decreased need to sleep. When depressed, they experience typical symptoms of depression but may experience it at a level that affects their personal and professional relationships and responsibilities in a more serious way. Bipolar disorder causes extreme swings between these moods or states of being.
Substance Abuse Disorder
Substance abuse, or substance abuse disorder, is characterized as a disease that causes an individual to become unable to control their use of drugs or alcohol, despite it making them sick or causing them harm. People develop a tolerance to drugs and alcohol when under the frequent influence of them, and begin using higher doses or amounts of it to feel well.
Hotlines for Students in Need
- National Youth Crisis Hotline: 1-800-448-4663
- Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA): 1-800-662-HELP (4357)
- National Alliance of the Mentally Ill: 1-800-950-6264
- The Trevor Project: 866-4-U-TREVOR
- Teen Line: 1-310-855-HOPE (4673)
- National Suicide Prevention Lifeline: 1-800-273-TALK (8255)
- National Hopeline Network: 1-800-SUICIDE (784-2433)