Journalist vs. Reporter: What’s the Difference?
Describing the Journalist’s Work
- Interviewing: Asking the right questions in the right way is an essential competency for a journalist. Journalists use carefully crafted questions to chip away at the walls that separate them from a story. They must be concise and sharp enough to engage the interviewee, as well as those who may read or watch the interview. Interviews also require journalists to know when subjects aren’t directly answering a question or don’t understand it and find ways to get them back on track.
- Research: News stories should be based on factual evidence. Journalists need to have access to facts to present the reality of a situation. Factual evidence might be available, but finding it requires research skills. Logically compiling information that journalists can later use to make a case in their work is crucial to a story’s success. Additionally, factual information maintains the journalist’s reputation and, in turn, the public’s trust.
- Writing: Journalists must have an impeccable grasp of spelling, grammar, and style. This skill doesn’t apply to written articles only, as good writing is a hallmark of any media presentation, from video to audio reports. The writing should captivate the reader while concisely presenting the story.
Career Outlook for Journalists
Describing the Reporter’s Work
- Reading and Reporting: Many reporters deliver their stories through video or audio media and usually receive a script to ensure they know what they need to speak on. Reporters must be able to read the story to engage the observer, which means they must also insert some personality into the copy that they present.
- Interviewing: As with the journalist, the reporter may need to interview a subject to get a unique point of view. Interviewing skills allow the reporter to keep the discussion on track while still asking poignant questions that may elicit telling answers from the subject.
- Time Management: News is always happening. Reporters need to be able to manage their schedules exceptionally well to perform their duties and reach out to the people they may need to speak with to inform their stories.
Career Outlook for Reporters
Journalist vs. Reporter: Differences
Finding a Place in the Field
- Writing Across Disciplines
- Creative Writing
- Fable to Film
- Literature Appreciation