Soil Conservation Guide: Importance and Practices
What is soil conservation?
Threats to soil conservation
Slash and burn
Soil conservation is important for sustainability
Soil conservation resources
- Conservation Institute, “Soil Conservation — What Do I Need To Know About It? Learn About Its Importance”: Information about soil conservation, from threats to techniques.
- Conservation International, “To Stop Climate Catastrophe, Look to Soil: Study”: Questions and answers about soil’s role in the carbon cycle.
- Earth Observing System, Soil Conservation Methods: Benefits of Implementation: A discussion of soil conservation highlighting strategies for sustainability.
- IPCC, “Chapter 2: Land-Climate Interactions”: Findings and statistics revealing climate’s impact on land and soil as well as mitigation strategies.
- World Resources Institute, “The Causes and Effects of Soil Erosion, and How to Prevent It”: A deeper look at soil erosion causes and solutions.
What makes soil so important?
Soil is home to many living things
Soil is key to the carbon cycle
Soil’s essential roles
Resources: Why soil is important
- Awe International, “Saving Our Soils for Future Generations”: An exploration of why healthy soils are essential for sustainable societies.
- Natural Resources Conservation Service, “The Heart of Soil: The Importance of Soil Health Principles”: An examination of healthy soil’s role in sustainable agriculture.
- Soil Science Society of America, “Soil Basics”: A deep dive into soil: what it is, its different types, and its function.
- Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education, “Why Soil Organic Matter Is So Important”: A comprehensive explanation of organic matter’s role as the foundation for healthy plants, animals, and humans.
Benefits of soil conservation
- Improves soil quality and productivity. Increased fertility improves crop yields, reduces the need for chemical fertilizers, and saves money.
- Optimizes water infiltration. Better filtration increases water storage, preventing soil from drying out.
- Provides food and shelter. Soil-producing vegetation provides nourishment to all types of animals and offers protection from the elements.
- Loss of fertile and arable land, impacting crops and livestock production, as well as the economy
- Pollution and sedimentation flowing in streams and rivers, affecting fish and other species
- Erosion and environmental degradation and desertification of land, potentially increasing flooding and negatively impacting forest ecosystems
Soil conservation practices
Forest cover reestablishment
Soil conservation: A key component of reducing climate change’s impact
- SDG 6 — Clean Water and Sanitation: Through drainage and purification, soil helps to provide clean water for drinking and farming.
- SDG 13 — Climate Action: Through sequestration, soil can play a pivotal part in combating climate change by reducing atmospheric carbon.
- SDG 15 — Life on Land: Healthy soils are essential for sustainable management of forests, fighting desertification, and reversing land degradation.