History of AI: Timeline and the Future
- Increasing efficiency of transportation
- Limiting the need for human manual labor
- Automating home care routines
- Helping organizations make quicker, smarter decisions through data analytics
- Improving the customer service experience
What Is Artificial Intelligence?
Four Common AI Types
Theory of Mind
Key Benefits of AI
When Was AI Invented?
Who Invented AI?
Timeline of Artificial Intelligence
- 1950s: Alan Turing publishes his seminal work, “Computing Machinery and Intelligence,” and the term “artificial intelligence” is coined by John McCarthy. McCarthy also develops the popular programming language Lisp, which is used in AI research.
- 1960s: The first industrial robot starts working at a General Motors factory. The program ELIZA is developed, which is able to carry on a conversation with a person in English.
- 1970s: The first anthropomorphic robot is built in Japan with the very basic ability to see, move, and converse. An early bacteria identification system is developed at Stanford University.
- 1980s: Mercedes-Benz tests out the first driverless car that embodies the foundational principles of such cars made today. Jabberwacky is released as an early example of a modern chatbot system.
- 1990s: Deep Blue, a chess-playing computer, beats the reigning world champion. Google’s first web index has 26 million pages.
- 2000s: Several new robots are developed, such as Honda’s ASIMO and MIT’s Kismet. The amount of digital information being produced counts in the hundreds of exabytes and is growing fast. Google’s web index reaches 1 billion pages in the span of two years.
- 2010s: IBM’s Watson natural language processing computer defeats two former champions on the television show “Jeopardy!” The number of internet users worldwide surpasses 4 billion.