Cybersecurity Careers for Tech-Savvy Millennials and Gen Zers
Become an Information Security Analyst
- Project management. It’s useful to juggle several different projects at once. For example, they may need to manage and monitor multiple data-gathering or data analysis teams at the same time.
- Security risk management. It also helps to have a deep knowledge of possible security threats and breaches to properly assess risk levels and prioritize preventive actions.
- Network security management. It’s helpful to understand the standards and practices for fortifying a complex computer network against potential threats.
- Security testing and auditing. Generally, information security analysts should be proficient in testing system vulnerabilities to identify necessary improvements.
The Role of a Security Architect
- Risk assessment. They should be able to evaluate different cybersecurity threats and design protocols that address these threats.
- Information technology knowledge. It’s also good to understand a wide range of technologies, including different operating systems (OSs) and security controls, including:
- Network access controls (NACs)
- Network segmentation
- Intrusion detection systems (IDSs) and intrusion protection systems (IPSs)
- Wireless security measures, including routers
- Network security architecture. It’s a definite advantage to have the knowledge required to develop and define a robust network infrastructure.
- Leadership. Ideally, they will good interpersonal and leadership abilities that enable them to lead cybersecurity teams.
- Problem-solving and critical thinking. Finally, it’s useful to have adaptability and analytical thinking to address new issues and vulnerabilities as they arise.
- Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH)
- Certified Information Security Manager (CISM)
- Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP)
- Certified Information Systems Security Professional–Information Systems Security Architecture Professional (CISSP-ISSAP)
What Is a Penetration Tester?
- Ethical hacking. It’s good to know how to exploit web-based vulnerabilities without actually compromising network security.
- IT skills. It helps to have hard skills, including familiarity with different devices, platforms, operating systems, and web-based applications.
- Coding and cryptology. Applicants for these positions should understand how to write and audit code and how to evaluate different forms of encryption.
- Communication and reporting. Upon identifying network security vulnerabilities, they should be able to clearly report their findings so proper adjustments can be made.
Become an Information Security Officer
- Knowledge of cyber risks. They will typically be able to assess networks and implement necessary security measures and safeguards.
- Project management. It’s ideal that they be able to juggle several complex projects at once since they often serve in organization-wide roles.
- Leadership and communication. It’s also key to be able to lead a team and communicate a cybersecurity vision to all employees in terms that nontechnical employees can understand.
The Role of a Cybersecurity Engineer
- Problem-solving. Candidates should be able to identify and respond to new, increasingly complex problems; quickly and efficiently troubleshoot; and develop solutions.
- IT and cybersecurity skills. It helps to be knowledgeable about key tools and technologies (firewalls, virtualization technologies, encryption technologies) that can be used to keep an organization safe against attacks.
- Teamwork and communication. Another recommendation is to be able to work well with a cybersecurity team and communicate technical concepts, sometimes to nontechnical employees.
What Is a Systems Engineer?
- Technical proficiency. Those who succeed in this field will need to be well-acquainted with key technologies, such as firewalls, IDSes, secure coding, various operating systems, virtualization systems, database platforms, application security and encryption, and secure network architectures.
- Vision casting. This role also requires the ability to clearly communicate an overarching mission with regard to cybersecurity, and to win buy-in from other stakeholders.
- Systems thinking. One additional skill key to this role is the ability to think not just component by component, but also in terms of how cybersecurity impacts an entire technology ecosystem.
Take the Next Step Toward a Cybersecurity Career
- Familiarity with key IT tools and procedures
- Experience leading a team and collaborating with others
- The ability to communicate with both technical and nontechnical audiences
- Skill in managing multiple complex projects at once
- A forward-thinking mindset toward technology
- The ability to think creatively and analytically
- A formal education in cybersecurity, computer science, IT, or a related field