Global Drug Survey Reveals Methamphetamine to be the Most Dangerous Drug

Articles | Nurse Practitioner Programs

Since 2011, the Global Drug Survey has helped health care professionals and policymakers around the world understand which types of drugs are most prominent among certain populations, which drugs appear to be on the rise or on the decline, and how drug usage affects the health of populations worldwide. Learn what the 2017 Global Drug Survey reveals about current patterns of drug usage patterns, and consider how medical professionals can address the harmful effects of methamphetamine use:

Introduction to the Global Drug Survey

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As the largest drug-related survey in the world, the Global Drug Survey reveals important data about the predominance and the effects of both legal and illegal drugs on a global scale. The 2017 survey reflects the input of about 115,000 participants coming from over 250 countries. The largest numbers of participants come from Germany, Denmark, and the United States. However, people from Australia, Brazil, Colombia, and other countries also participated in the 2017 survey.

Though the research methods of the Global Drug Survey have limitations, they also offer unique benefits. Since the survey tends to generate responses from younger drug users, it may reveal drug trends that are on the rise before they gain large-scale international attention. Since the survey provides data about the gender, health status, education level, and recreational pursuits of users, the results can shed light on key patterns and differences in global drug usage.

2017 Global Drug Survey Key Takeaways

Overall, the 2017 Global Drug Survey reveals that alcohol is by far the most popular drug worldwide, with over 94 percent of participants reporting use in the last 12 months. Cannabis, cocaine, ecstasy (MDMA), amphetamines, LSD, and magic mushrooms are also some of the most common drugs among survey participants. Many legal and illegal drug users report a desire to reduce or stop their use patterns altogether. For example, around the globe, nearly 35 percent of alcohol users report wanting to drink less, but only 7.4 percent want help making the change.

The 2017 Global Drug Survey’s data on drug users seeking emergency medical treatment is particularly telling. Though the number of synthetic cannabis users is relatively low, the percentage of users who required emergency attention after use is high, at 3.2 percent. In contrast, just 0.6 percent of traditional cannabis users needed medical treatment after use.

Overall, users of LSD and magic mushrooms required some of the lowest levels of medical attention, with just 1 and 0.2 percent of users, respectively, seeking treatment. As The Guardian reports, magic mushrooms are considered one of the safest drugs worldwide. In fact, the biggest dangers surrounding this drug include users sourcing the wrong type of mushroom and people mixing magic mushrooms with other types of drugs, such as alcohol. Psychedelic substance usage alone usually does not result in abuse or dependence. However, the increasing tendency for manufacturers to add potent psychedelics to LSD may affect its relative safety level in the future.

What the 2017 Survey Reveals About Methamphetamine

Perhaps the most alarming takeaway from the 2017 Global Drug Survey comes from its data on methamphetamine usage. This drug is more dangerous than any others in the survey because on average, 4.8 percent of users required emergency medical attention after use. The need for emergency treatment after meth use is much higher in certain countries, including the United States and Canada, where the percentages of users who seek medical attention are 6.1 and 8.3, respectively.

When comparing the Global Drug Survey data about methamphetamines to other common drugs, the dangers of meth become even more apparent. The percentage of users who sought medical treatment after consuming meth is more than the sum of those who used synthetic cannabis and alcohol, the second and third most dangerous drugs, combined.

Furthermore, meth appears to have much more of a negative effect on women than it does on men, but the reason for this is not clear. Just over 8 percent of female users required medical attention after using meth. In contrast, just 3.7 percent of male users needed emergency treatment after consuming meth.

How Effective Treatments Can Help Methamphetamine Addicts

In the United States, meth is available in several forms. The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) reports the preferred method of use varies by region. However, smoking is the most common method of ingestion, as it’s one of the fastest and most intense ways for users to feel the effects of the drug. Because the intensely pleasurable feeling meth produces can fade before its concentration in the user’s blood decreases, some people binge on meth. Though the length and severity of such a binge vary among users, some may neglect to sleep or eat for multiple days, after which medical treatment may be necessary.

Over time, NIDA reports meth can cause a range of adverse effects. In the short term, users may experience a rapid or irregular heartbeat, hyperthermia, and decreased appetite. Long-term use can lead to addiction and may require users to ingest larger amounts to experience the desired effects. Those who abuse meth may experience severe anxiety, psychotic episodes, and reduced motor and memory skills. They may even have an increased risk of stroke or Parkinson’s disease.

Advanced Nurse Practitioners can take on important roles in treating meth abuse and addiction as there are effective treatments that have helped former meth users reverse many of the telltale neurobiological effects of this drug.

In many areas, nurses may have the opportunity to oversee behavioral therapies, which have proven to be the most effective for meth users. According to NIDA, the most common treatments include Motivational Incentives for Enhancing Drug Abuse Recovery (MIEDAR), a method that incentivizes abstinence from meth, and the Matrix Model, a 16-week program that includes support, counseling, and behavioral therapy.

With effective treatments, health care professionals may be able to alleviate the harmful effects of meth use in the U.S. If you are an aspiring health care professional, earning an online MSN degree could enable you to address the dangers of meth and other drug use. To learn more about more flexible online learning options for doing so, visit Maryville online.

Sources:
https://www.globaldrugsurvey.com/wp-content/themes/globaldrugsurvey/results/GDS2017_key-findings-report_final.pdf
https://www.theguardian.com/society/2017/may/23/study-hallucinogenic-mushrooms-safest-recreational-drug-lsd
https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/methamphetamine/what-treatments-are-effective-methamphetamine-abusers
https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/methamphetamine/how-methamphetamine-abused
https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/methamphetamine/what-are-immediate-short-term-effects-methamphetamine-abuse
https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/methamphetamine/what-are-long-term-effects-methamphetamine-abuse